Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica)

Virginia Oyster Productivity Information Tool. 2021. Roger Mann, Marcia Berman, James Wesson, Melissa Southworth, Tamia Rudnicky, Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Mann, R., M. Berman J. Wesson, M. Southworth, & T. Rudnicky. 2019. Expanding Virginia’s oyster industry while minimizing user conflict. Interim report (Year 2 of 3) submitted to Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, Virginia, 23062. 17 p.

Mann, R., M. Berman J. Wesson, M. Southworth, & T. Rudnicky. 2018. Expanding Virginia’s oyster industry while minimizing user conflict. Interim report (Year 1 of 3) submitted to Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point, Virginia, 23062. 17 p.

Southworth, M., M.C. Long, and R. Mann. 2017. Oyster (Crassostrea virginica GMELIN 1791) mortality at prolonged exposures to high temperature and low salinity. Journal of Shellfish Research36(2):335-340. National Shellfisheries Association. https://doi.org/10.2983/035.036.0205  

Powell, E.N., R. Mann, K. A, Ashton-Alcox, Y. Kim and D. Bushek. 2015. The Allometry of Oysters: Spatial and Temporal Variation in the Length-Biomass Relationships for Crassostrea virginica.  J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK

Soniat, T. N., N. Cooper, E. N. Powell, J. M. Klinck, M. Abdelguerfi, S. Tu,R. Mann and P. Banks. 2014. Estimating sustainable harvest of Eastern Oysters, Crassostrea virginica. J. Shellfish Research 33: 381-394. Doi:10.2983/035.033.0207.

Mann, R., M. Southworth, R. Carnegie and R. Crockett. 2014. Temporal variation in fecundity and spawning in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, in the Piankatank River, Virginia. J. Shellfish Research 33(1): 167-176.

Mann, R and M. W. Luckenbach. 2013.  Sperm swimming speeds in the oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin 1791). J. Shellfish Research. 32(1): 1-4

Harding, J.M., Powell, E.N., Mann, R., Southworth, M. 2013. Variations in eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) sex-ratios from three Virginia estuaries: protandry, growth and demographics. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 93(2): 519-531. (2013).

Harding, J.M., Southworth, M., Mann, R., & Wesson, J.A. 2012. Comparison of Crassostrea virginica Gmelin (Eastern Oyster) recruitment on constructed reefs and adjacent natural oyster bars over decadel time scales. Northeastern Naturalist. 19(4):627-646.

Harding, J.M., Mann, R., Southworth, M., & Wesson, J.A. 2010. Management of the Piankatank River, Virginia in support of oyster (Crassostrea virginica, Gmelin 1791) fishery repletion. Journal of Shellfish Research. 29(4): 1-22.

Southworth, M.,  J. M. Harding, R. Mann and J. Wesson. 2010. Oyster (Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791) population dynamics on public reefs in the Great Wicomico River, Virginia, USA. J. Shellfish Research 29(2): 271-290.

Mann, R., M. Southworth, J.M. Harding and J. Wesson. 2009. Population studies of the native oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) in the James River, Virginia, USA. J. Shellfish Research. 28(2): 1-30

Harding. J. M., R. Mann and M. Southworth. 2008. Shell length at age relationships in James River oysters (Crassostrea virginica) collected four centuries apart. J. Shellfish Research. 27(5): 1109-1115

Harding. J. M. 2007. Comparison of growth rates between diploid DEBY eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica, Gmelin 1791), triploid eastern oysters, and triploid Suminoe (C. ariakensis, Fugita 1913). Journal of Shellfish Research. 26(4): 961-972. 

Harding. J. M., and R. Mann. 2000. Estimates of naked goby (Gobiosoma bosc), striped blenny (Chasmodes bosquianus) and eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larval production around a restored Chesapeake Bay oyster reef. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(1):29-45.

Bartol, I.K. and R. Mann. 1999. Growth and mortality of oysters (Crassostrea virginica) on constructed intertidal reefs: effects of tidal height and substrate level. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 237:157-187.

Baker, P.K. & R. Mann. 1998. Response of settling oyster larvae, Crassostrea virginica, to specific portions of the visible light spectrum. Journal of Shellfish Research. 17(4): 1081-1084.

Mann, R. & D. Evans. 1998. Estimation of oyster, Crassostrea virginica, standing stock, larval production, and advective loss in relation to observed recruitment in the James River, Virginia. Journal of Shellfish Research. 17: 239-253.

Bartol, I. & R. Mann. 1997. Small - scale settlement patterns of the oyster Crassostrea virginica on a constructed intertidal reef. Bull. Mar. Sci. 61: 881-897.

Baker, P.K. 1997. Settlement site selection by oyster larvae, Crassostrea virginica: evidence for geotaxis. Journal of Shellfish Research. 16:125-128.

Carlton, J.T. and R. Mann. 1996. Movements and introductions of the American oysters. pp 691-706. In: V.S. Kennedy, R.I.E. Newell and A.F. Eble (Eds). The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. University of Maryland Sea Grant Press, College Park, MD. 743 p.

Thompson, R.J., R.I.E. Newell, V.S. Kennedy and R. Mann. 1996. Reproductive processes and early development. pp. 335-370. In: V.S. Kennedy, R.I.E. Newell and A.F. Eble (Eds). The Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. University of Maryland Sea Grant Press, College Park, MD. 743 p.

Roegner, G.C. & R. Mann. 1995. Early recruitment and growth of the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Bivalvia:Ostreidae) with respect to tidal zonation and season. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 117:91-101.

Mann, R., J. Rainer, & R. Morales-Alamo. 1994. Reproductive activity of oysters, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in the James River Virginia, during 1987-88. Journal of Shellfish Research. 13(1): 157-164.

Baker, P.K. 1994. Competency to settle in oyster larvae, Crassostrea virginica: wild vs. hatchery-reared larvae. Aquaculture. 122:161-169.

Baker, S. & R. Mann. 1994. Feeding ability during settlement and metamorphosis in the oyster Crassostrea virginica and the effects of hypoxia on post-settlement ingestion rates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 181: 239-253.

Baker, S. & R. Mann. 1994. Description of metamorphic phases in the oyster Crassostrea virginica and effects of hypoxia on metamorphosis. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 104:91-99.

Cox, C. & R. Mann. 1992. Temporal and spatial changes in fecundity of Eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in the lower James River, Virginia, U.S.A. Journal of Shellfish Research. 11(1):49-54.

Baker, S. & R. Mann. 1992. Effects of hypoxia and anoxia on larval settlement, juvenile growth, and juvenile survival of the oyster Crassostrea virginica. Biological Bulletin. 182: 265-269.

R. Mann. 1992. A comparison of methods for calculating condition index in eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791). Journal of Shellfish Research. 11(1): 55-58.

Roegner, G.C. 1991. Temporal analysis of the relationship between settlement and early recruitment in the oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 151:57-69.

Mann, R. & J.S. Ranier. 1990. Effect of decreasing oxygen tension on swimming rate of Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) larvae. Journal of Shellfish Research. 9(2): 323-327.

Roegner, G.C. & R. Mann. 1990. Settlement patterns of Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) in relation to tidal zonation. Journal of Shellfish Research. 9(2):341-346.

Eggleston, D. 1990. Foraging behavior of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, on juvenile oysters, Crassostrea virginica: effects of prey density and size. Bull. Mar. Sci. 46:62-82.

Morales-Alamo, R. & R. Mann. 1989. Anatomical features in histological sections of Crassostrea virginica as an aid in measurements of gonad area for reproductive assessment. Journal of Shellfish Research. 8(1): 71-82.

Widdows, J., R.I.E. Newell and R. Mann. 1989. Effects of hypoxia on survival, energy metabolism and feeding by oyster larvae (Crassostrea virginica). Biological Bulletin. 177(1): 154-166.

Gallager, S.M. and R. Mann.1986. Growth and survival of larvae of Mercenaria mercenaria and Crassostrea virginica relative to broodstock conditioning and lipid content of eggs. Aquaculture 56(2): 105-122.