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Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Friedrichs Home Page

Carl T. Friedrichs

Department Chair, Professor of Marine Science

Email : [[cfried]]
Phone : (804) 684-7303
Office : Andrews Hall 227
Department : Physical Sciences
Lab Website : {{http://www.vims.edu/chsd,CHSD}}
Curriculum Vitae : {{http://www.vims.edu/~cfried/Friedrichs_cv.pdf,CV}}
Google Scholar : {{http://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=gPy_tJoAAAAJ&view_op=list_works&pagesize=100,Profile}}

Education
  • B.A., Amherst College
  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Research Interests

My long term research goals are to better understand the fundamental aspects of coastal and estuarine physics which control sediment and other material fluxes at time-and length-scales important to geology, biogeochemistry, and ecology. The major thrusts of my research are bottom boundary layer physics, estuarine physical oceanography, sediment transport and sedimentation, and estuarine and coastal morphodynamics. My technical approach involves field work, analytical theory, numerical modeling and the intersection of all three in the utilization of coastal observation and prediction systems.

Recent Projects
  • June 2011 - May 2015, "Collaborative research: the role of wind in estuarine dynamics." National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences. C.T. Friedrichs, VIMS Principal Investigator, $193,820.
  • April 2011 - March 2015, "Improved observation, analysis and modeling of fine sediment dynamics in turbid, biologically active coastal environments." National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences. C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $644,025.
  • June 2010 - June 2011, "A super-regional testbed to improve models of environmental processes on the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts." Southeastern Universities Research Association. C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $879,717.
  • Jan 2009 - Dec 2011, "Collaborative research: A real-time and rapid response observing system for the study of physical and biological controls on muddy seabed deposition, reworking and resuspension." (Supplement) National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences. C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $388,872.
  • Feb 2007 - Dec 2007, "Morphodynamics of tidal flat coastlines." Office of Naval Research, Marine Geosciences Program, C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $57,861.
  • Sep 2006 - Aug 2007, "Detection and prediction of hazards in ports, bays and the littoral zone: a lower Chesapeake Bay test bed (expansion)." Office of Naval Research, Processes and Prediction Division.  C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $1,724,000.
  • Jan 2006 - Dec 2008, "Collaborative research: A real-time and rapid response observing system for the study of physical and biological controls on muddy seabed deposition, reworking and resuspension." National Science Foundation, Division of Ocean Sciences. C.T. Friedrichs, Principal Investigator, $1,946,500.
  • Complete list of external grants and contracts 
Selected Publications
  • Friedrichs, C.T., 2011. Tidal flat morphodynamics: a synthesis. In: B.W. Flemming and J.D. Hansom (eds.), Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science: Sedimentology and Geology. Elsevier, pp. 137-170.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., 2010. Barotropic tides in channelized estuaries. In: A. Valle-Levinson (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Estuarine Physics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 27-61.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., 2009. York River physical oceanography and sediment transport. In: K.A. Moore and W.G. Reay (eds.), A Site Profile of the Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Virginia. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 57: 17-22.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., G.M. Cartwright, and P.J. Dickhut, 2008. Quantifying benthic exchange of fine sediment via continuous, non-invasive measurements of settling velocity and bed erodibility. Oceanography, 21(4): 168-172.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., and and M.E. Scully, 2007. Modeling deposition by wave-supported gravity flows on the Po River prodelta: from seasonal floods to prograding clinoforms. Continental Shelf Research, 27: 322-337.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., and L.D. Wright, 2004. Gravity-driven sediment transport on the continental shelf: implications for equilibrium profiles near river mouths. Coastal Engineering, 51: 795-811.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., and A. Valle-Levinson, editors, 2002. Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas II, Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 22, Nos. 18-19, p. 2611-2818.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., and J.E. Perry, 2001. Tidal salt marsh morphodynamics. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 27: 7-37.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., L.D. Wright, D.A. Hepworth, and S.C. Kim, 2000. Bottom boundary layer processes associated with fine sediment accumulation in coastal seas and bays. Continental Shelf Research, 20: 807-841.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., B.A. Armbrust, and H.E. de Swart, 1998. Hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics of shallow, funnel-shaped tidal estuaries. In: J. Dronkers and M. Scheffers (eds.), Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, Balkema Press, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, p. 315-328.
  • Friedrichs, C.T., and L.D. Wright, 1997. Sensitivity of bottom stress and bottom roughness estimates to density stratification, Eckernförde Bay, Southern Baltic Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102: 5721-5732.
  • Complete list of peer-reviewed publications
Current Students
  • Kelsey Fall, Ph.D. candidate
  • Danielle Tarpley, Ph.D. candidate
Past Students
  • Grace Cartwright, 2013 Ph.D. graduate
  • Lindsey Kraatz, 2013 Ph.D. graduate
  • Carissa Wilkerson, 2013 M.S. graduate
  • Kelsey Fall, 2012 M.S. graduate
  • Jarrell Smith, 2011 Ph.D. graduate
  • Amy Foxgrover, 2009 M.S. graduate
  • Yanxia Ma, 2009 Ph.D. graduate
  • Joshua Bearman, 2008 M.S. graduate
  • Patrick Dickhudt, 2008 M.S. graduate
  • Lynsey LeMay, 2007 M.S. graduate
  • Malcolm Scully, 2005 Ph.D. graduate
  • Arthur Trembanis, 2004 Ph.D. graduate
  • Heidi Romine, 2004 M.S. graduate
  • David Fugate, 2002 Ph.D. graduate
  • Malcolm Scully, 2001 M.S. graduate
  • Grace Battisto, 2000 M.S. graduate
  • Guan-Hong Lee, 2000 Ph.D. graduate
  • Linda Frizzell-Makowski, 1996 Ph.D. graduate
Courses Taught/Teaching
  • Coastal and Estuarine Processes and Issues
  • Coastal Morphodynamics
  • Data Assimilation Applied to Suspended Particle Properties (Special topics course)
  • Estuarine and Coastal Sediment Processes (Special topics course)
  • Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
  • Introduction to Physical Oceanography
  • Morphodynamics of Deltaic Coasts and Shelves
  • Ocean Dynamics
  • Physical Sciences Seminar
  • Principles of Coastal and Estuarine Physical Oceanography
  • Tidal Marsh Sediment Transport and Sedimentation (Special topics course)
  • Tools and Techniques for Geological and Estuarine Physical Oceanography (Special topics course)
Faculty Awards
  • 2013 INTERCOH Mehta Award for Advancements in Cohesive Sediment Research
  • 2010 College of William & Mary Plumeri Award for Faculty Excellence
  • 2008 Commonwealth of Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award
  • 2005 College of William & Mary Alumni Fellowship Award for Teaching
  • 2001-04 Class of 1964 College of William & Mary Distinguished Professorship
  • 2000 White House Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers
  • 2000 National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences CAREER Award
Student Awards
  • 2012 Lindsey Kraatz - NOAA John A. Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship
  • 2011 Lindsey Kraatz - Maury Fellowship Award for outstanding interdisciplinary research
  • 2005 Patrick Dickhudt - Watson Fellowship Award for academic excellence
  • 2005 Malcolm Scully - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Postdoctoral Scholarship
  • 2005 Malcolm Scully - Maury Fellowship Award for outstanding interdisciplinary research
  • 2004 Arthur Trembanis - U.S. Geological Survey-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Postdoctoral Scholarship
  • 2002 Arthur Trembanis - Maury Fellowship Award for outstanding interdisciplinary research
Professional Memberships
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation
  • Continental Shelf Research, Editorial Board
  • Estuaries and Coasts, Associate Editor
  • Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, Steering Committee