To understand vulnerability to climate change it is important to determine the potential impacts to coastal resources and communities. Effective management requires understanding both current conditions and projected future conditions. Analysis in this section focus on sea level rise related flooding, which is a significant issue in Virginia’s coastal plain and is predicted to become worse in the future. The risk of economic and resource loss due to recurrent flooding is not equivalent in all coastal zones. Human development and natural geomorphic setting both drive sea level rise vulnerability.