Field and laboratory research at VIMS is key to the recent surge in oyster aquaculture in Virginia, and also underlies increasing success in restoring wild populations of the Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica to Chesapeake Bay. Oysters were historically one of the Bay's keystone species, filtering water and providing habitat for numerous Bay organisms through their reefs. Oyster restoration aims to reclaim some of these benefits.
- A surprising possible advantage of oyster disease tolerance (March 2015) VIMS graduate student Lydia Bienlien and researchers Ryan Carnegie, Corinne Audemard, and Kimberly Reece are conducting a study that could make us rethink the way we are breeding oysters.
- Team encourages science-based management of shellfish diseases (October 2014) VIMS researchers join with colleagues, shellfish farmers, and government officials to explore options for improving management of oyster and clam diseases along the U.S. East Coast.
- Interns embark on careers in oyster aquaculture (September 2014) VIMS recently celebrated the sixth group of interns to graduate from its Oyster Aquaculture Training Program during a reception on the Gloucester Point campus.
- Study puts some mussels into Bay restoration (September 2014) Research shows that the mussels that typically colonize a restored oyster reef can more than double its overall filtration capacity.
Advisory Service Products
Native Oysters and Restoration
- Oyster Reef Habitat Restoration: A synopsis and synthesis of approaches (Order print copy)
- Oyster Diseases of the Chesapeake Bay (Dermo and MSX Fact Sheets)
- The status of Virginia's public oyster resource (Annual Reports)
- Trophic studies on constructed "restored" oyster reefs. Annual report to the Chesapeake Bay Program 1998 | 1997
- An Introduction to Culturing Oysters in Virginia
- Oyster Gardening in Virginia: An Overview of Techniques
- Virginia Shellfish Aquaculture - Situation and Outlook Reports
- Products for Industry
- ABC Oyster Breeding Manual
- Status of the major oyster diseases in Virginia (Annual Reports)
- Molecular methods for the detection of Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX). Marine Resource Report No. 2001-10.
- QPX susceptibility in hard clams varies with geographic origin of brood stock.
- VIMS Statement on the Use of Crassostrea ariakensis in Chesapeake Bay (pdf)
- Aquaculture of Triploid Crassostrea ariakensis in Chesapeake Bay (pdf)
- A Comparative Field Study of Crassostrea ariakensis and Crassostrea virginica in Relation to Salinity in Virginia
- A Comparative Field Study of Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea virginica in Relation to Salinity in Virginia
Five Most Recent Journal Articles
- Walles, B., et al., 2015. Demography of the ecosystem engineer Crassostrea gigas, related to vertical reef accretion and reef persistence. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 154: p. 224-233. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.01.006
- Smyth, A.R., M.F. Piehler, and J.H. Grabowski, 2015. Habitat context influences nitrogen removal by restored oyster reefs. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(3): p. 716-725. http://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12435
- Ramilo, A., et al., 2015. Update of information on perkinsosis in NW Mediterranean coast: Identification of Perkinsus spp. (Protista) in new locations and hosts. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 125: p. 37-41. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2014.12.008
- Kellogg, M.L., et al., 2015. Use of oysters to mitigate eutrophication in coastal waters (vol 151, pg 156, 2014). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 154: p. A1-A1. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.02.003
- Dang, C., et al., 2015. Perkinsus sp infections and in vitro isolates from Anadara trapezia (mud arks) of Queensland, Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 113(1): p. 51-58. http://doi.org/10.3354/dao02816