Field and laboratory research at VIMS is key to the recent surge in oyster aquaculture in Virginia, and also underlies increasing success in restoring wild populations of the Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica to Chesapeake Bay. Oysters were historically one of the Bay's keystone species, filtering water and providing habitat for numerous Bay organisms through their reefs. Oyster restoration aims to reclaim some of these benefits.
- A surprising possible advantage of oyster disease tolerance (March 2015) VIMS graduate student Lydia Bienlien and researchers Ryan Carnegie, Corinne Audemard, and Kimberly Reece are conducting a study that could make us rethink the way we are breeding oysters.
- Team encourages science-based management of shellfish diseases (October 2014) VIMS researchers join with colleagues, shellfish farmers, and government officials to explore options for improving management of oyster and clam diseases along the U.S. East Coast.
- Interns embark on careers in oyster aquaculture (September 2014) VIMS recently celebrated the sixth group of interns to graduate from its Oyster Aquaculture Training Program during a reception on the Gloucester Point campus.
- Study puts some mussels into Bay restoration (September 2014) Research shows that the mussels that typically colonize a restored oyster reef can more than double its overall filtration capacity.
Advisory Service Products
Native Oysters and Restoration
- Oyster Reef Habitat Restoration: A synopsis and synthesis of approaches (Order print copy)
- Oyster Diseases of the Chesapeake Bay (Dermo and MSX Fact Sheets)
- The status of Virginia's public oyster resource (Annual Reports)
- Trophic studies on constructed "restored" oyster reefs. Annual report to the Chesapeake Bay Program 1998 | 1997
- An Introduction to Culturing Oysters in Virginia
- Oyster Gardening in Virginia: An Overview of Techniques
- Virginia Shellfish Aquaculture - Situation and Outlook Reports
- Products for Industry
- ABC Oyster Breeding Manual
- Status of the major oyster diseases in Virginia (Annual Reports)
- Molecular methods for the detection of Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX). Marine Resource Report No. 2001-10.
- QPX susceptibility in hard clams varies with geographic origin of brood stock.
- VIMS Statement on the Use of Crassostrea ariakensis in Chesapeake Bay (pdf)
- Aquaculture of Triploid Crassostrea ariakensis in Chesapeake Bay (pdf)
- A Comparative Field Study of Crassostrea ariakensis and Crassostrea virginica in Relation to Salinity in Virginia
- A Comparative Field Study of Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea virginica in Relation to Salinity in Virginia
Five Most Recent Journal Articles
- Soudant, P., F. L. E. Chu, et al. 2013. Host-parasite interactions: Marine bivalve molluscs and protozoan parasites, Perkinsus species. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 114(2): 196-216. doi 10.1016/J.Jip.2013.06.001
- Kellogg, M. L., J. C. Cornwell, et al. 2013. Denitrification and nutrient assimilation on a restored oyster reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 480: 1-19. doi 10.3354/Meps10331
- Lynch, S. A., A. Villalba, et al. 2013. The occurrence of haplosporidian parasites, Haplosporidium nelsoni and Haplosporidium sp., in oysters in Ireland. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 112(3): 208-212. doi 10.1016/J.Jip.2012.11.013
- Harding, J. M., E. N. Powell, et al. 2013. Variations in eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) sex-ratios from three Virginia estuaries: protandry, growth and demographics. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93(2): 519-531. doi 10.1017/S002531541200032x
- Waldbusser, G. G., E. N. Powell, et al. 2013. Ecosystem effects of shell aggregations and cycling in coastal waters: an example of Chesapeake Bay oyster reefs. Ecology 94(4): 895-903.