Jessica Turner

Ph.D. Student

Email: [[jsturner]]
Phone: (804) 684-7509
Office: Andrews Hall 210
Department: Physical Sciences
Advisors: {{, Carl Friedrichs}}, {{, Marjy Friedrichs}}

  • M.S., University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • B.A., Bowdoin College
Research Interests

My work focuses on water clarity and light in aquatic ecosystems at local, regional, and global scales. At local scales, my most recent field research focuses on how oysters in aquaculture settings mediate hydrodynamics, suspended particle characteristics, and water clarity. At regional scales, I investigate long term trends in Chesapeake Bay water clarity using observations and numerical modeling. I combine three methods to evaluate how water clarity has declined and potentially improved: a cruise-based dataset, satellite data, and 3D numerical modeling with the ChesROMS estuarine carbon and biogeochemistry (ECB) model. At global scales, I study marine particles as seen by optical imaging devices. For my M.S. work, I studied particle characteristics using the Underwater Vision Profiler (UVP) which photographs and sizes marine particles to investigate the total potential particulate carbon flux to depth.

Peer-Reviewed Publications
  • Turner, J.S., St-Laurent, P., Friedrichs, M.A.M., & Friedrichs, C.T. (2021) Effects of reduced shoreline erosion on Chesapeake Bay water clarity.  Science of the Total Environment, 769, 145157. 
  • Turner, J.S., Kellogg, M.L., Massey, G.M., & Friedrichs, C.T. (2019) Minimal effects of oyster aquaculture on local water quality: Examples from southern Chesapeake Bay. PLOS ONE 14 (11): e0224768
  • Turner, J.S., Pretty, J.L., & McDonnell, A.M.P. (2017) Marine particles in the Gulf of Alaska shelf system: spatial patterns and size distributions from in situ optics. Continental Shelf Research 145, 13-20
Educational Experience
  •  Ph.D. Marine Science, VIMS, William & Mary, 2021 (Planned)
    Dissertation: "Water clarity and suspended particle dynamics in the Chesapeake Bay: local effects of oyster aquaculture, regional effects of reduced shoreline erosion, and long-term trends in remotely sensed reflectance."
    Advisors:  Marjy Friedrichs and Carl Friedrichs
  • M.S. Oceanography, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2015.
    Thesis: "Investigating marine particle distributions and processes using in situ optical imaging in the Gulf of Alaska."
    Advisor: Andrew McDonnell
  • B.A. Earth and Oceanographic Science, Environmental Studies, Bowdoin College, 2013.
Other Educational Experience:
  • Ocean Optics Course, University of Maine Darling Marine Center, Summer 2019.
  • Satellite Remote Sensing Training, Cornell University, Summer 2018.
  • Team Science Training, Cross-Disciplinary Problem Solving & Research, 2018-2019.
  • Certificate in Science Teaching and Outreach, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2015.
  • Study Abroad Program, Middlebury in Chile, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile, Fall 2011.
Lab Groups
Research Experience
  • 2016-2021: Long-term trends in water clarity in the Chesapeake Bay from cruise observations and satellite remote sensing. VIMS.
  • 2016-2020:  Shoreline erosion impacts on water clarity in the Chesapeake Bay. VIMS. Link to OCB Science Highlight
  • 2017-2019: Effects of southern Virginia oyster aquaculture on water clarity. VIMS. Link to News Story
  • 2013-2015: Marine particle dynamics in the Gulf of Alaska. University of Alaska Fairbanks. Link to News Story
  • 2013: Investigating the effects of ocean acidification on Olympia oyster (Ostrea lurida) shell geochemistry. Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. 
  • 2012: Clam Flat pH in Casco Bay, Maine. Non-profit organization Friends of Casco Bay, South Portland, Maine. 
Teaching Experience
  • 2020: Instructor of Record, Ocean Remote Sensing and Global Change, William & Mary.
  • 2014-2015: NSF GK-12 Fellow, 5th and 6th grade science, Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • 2013-2014: Teaching Assistant, The Oceans, University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Synergistic Service Activities
  • NASA future ocean color satellite mission Early Adopter (PACE Early Adopter Website).
  • Chesapeake Bay inter-agengy working group of NASA Applied Sciences.
  • Integrated Trends Analysis Team of Chesapeake Bay Program (EPA).
  • Reviewer, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.
  • Reviewer, Science of the Total Environment.
  • Reviewer, Water Resources Research.
Other Publications
  • Kellogg, M.L., Turner, J.S., Dreyer, J.C., & Massey, G.M. (2018) Environmental and Ecological Benefits and Impacts of Oyster Aquaculture Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, USA. A report to The Nature Conservancy. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary.
  • Kellogg, M.L., Turner, J.S., Dreyer, J.C., & Friedrichs, C.T. (2018) Environmental and ecological benefits and impacts of oyster aquaculture: Addendum. An addendum to the report to The Nature Conservancy. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary.
  • Turner, J.S. (2019) Expedition Sediments: Mud's Journey through the Watershed. Subjects: Earth Science / Environmental Science Grades: 9-12. VA SEA 2019 Lesson Plans. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William& Mary.
  • Turner, J.S. (2015) Investigating marine particle distributions and processes using in situ optical imaging in the Gulf of Alaska. M.S. Thesis. University of Alaska Fairbanks. Link.