Literature on Hematodinium, including some related papers

Appleton PL, Vickerman K (1996) Presence of Apicomplexan-type micropores in a parasitic dinoflagellate, Hematodinium sp. Parasitol Res 82: 279-282

Appleton PL, Vickerman K (1998) In vitro cultivation and development cycle in culture of a parasitic dinoflagellate (Hematodinium sp.) associated with mortality of the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) in British waters. Parasitology 116: 115-130

Audemard C, Le Roux F, Cousteau C, Barnaud A, Collins C, Sauriau P-G, Sautour B, de Montaudouin X, Combes C, Berthe F. (2002) Needle in a haystack: involvement of the copepod Paracartia grani in the lifecycle of the oyster pathogen Marteilia refringens. Parasitology 124: 315-323.

Bower SM, Meyer GR, Boutillier JA (1993) Diseases of spot prawns Pandalus platyceros caused by an intracellular bacterium and a Hematodinium-like protozoa. J Shellfish Res 12: 135.

Bower SM, GR Meyer (2002) Morphology and ultrastructure of a protistan pathogen in the haemolymph of shrimp (Pandalus spp.) in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Can J Zool 80: 1055-1068.

Bower SM, Meyer GR, Phillips A, Workman G, Clark D (2003) New host and range extension of bitter crab syndrome in Chionoecetes spp. caused by Hematodinium sp. Bull Eur Assoc Fish Pathol 23: 86-91

Briggs RP, McCaliskey M, (2002) The prevalence of Hematodinium in Nephrops norvegicus from the western Irish Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 82: 427-433

Cachon J, Cachon M (1987) Parasitic dinoflagellates. In: The Biology of Dinoflagellates (ed. Taylor, F.J.R.). Blackwell Scientific Publications. pp. 571-610.

Cavalier-Smith T  (1993) Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla.  Microbiol Rev 57: 953-994.

Chatton E (1906) Les Blastodinides, ordre nouveau de Dinoflagélles parasites. Comptes Rendus Hebd Séanc Acad Sci, Paris 143: 981-983.

Chatton E (1910) Sur l'exsitence de Dinoflagélles parasites coelomiques. Les Syndinium chez les Copépods pélagiques. Comptes Rendu Hebd Séanc Acad Sci, Paris, Ser D 102: 654-656.

Chatton E (1920) Les Péridiniens parasites: morphologie, reproduction, ethologie. Arch Zool Exp Gen 59: 1-475.

Chatton E (1952) Classe des Dinoflagelles ou Péridiniens. In: Grassé, P. -P. (ed); Traité de Zoologie, Vol. 1. Masson et Cie, Paris, pp. 309-390.

Chatton E, Poisson, R (1931) Sur l'existence, dans le sang des crabs, de peridiniens parasites: Hematodinium perezi n.g., n.sp. (Syndinidae). Compes Rendu Sceances Soc Biol Paris 105: 553-557

Coats DW (1999) Parasitic lifestyles of marine dinoflagellates. J Euk Microbiol 46: 402-409.

Dawe E (2002) Trends in the prevalence of bitter crab disease caused by Hematodiniun sp.in snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) through out the Newfoundland and Labrador continental shelf, 385-400. In:Crabs in cold water regions: biology, management, and economics. Alaska Sea Grant College Program . AK-SG-02-01,2002.

Drebes, G. 1984. Life cycle and host specificity of marine parasitic dinophytes. Helgol. Meeresunters. 37: 603-622.

Eaton WD, Love DC, Botelho C, Meyers TR, Imamura K, Koeneman T (1991) Preliminary results on the seasonality and life cycle of the parasitic dinoflagellate causing Bitter Crab Disease in Alaskan Tanner crabs (Chionoecetes bairdi). J Invertebr Pathol 57: 426-434.

Field RH, Appleton PL (1995) A Hematodinium-like infection of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus: observations on pathology and progression of infection. Dis Aquat Org 22: 115-128.

Field RH, Appleton PL (1996) An indirect fluorescent antibody technique for the diagnosis of Hematodinium sp. infection of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Dis Aquat Org 24: 199-204.

Field RH, Chapman CJ, Taylor AC, Neil DM, Vickerman K (1992) Infection of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus by a Hematodinium-like species of dinoflagellate on the west coast of Scotland. Dis Aquat Org 13: 1-15.

Field RH, Hills JM, Atkinson RJA, Magill S, Shanks AM (1998) Distribution and seasonal prevalence of Hematodinium sp. infection of the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) around the west coast of Scotland. ICES J Mar Sci 55: 846-858

Gajadhar AA, Marquardt WC, Hall R, Gunderson J, Ariztia-Carmona EV, Sogin ML (1991) Ribosomoal RNA sequences of Sarcocystis muris, Theileria annulata and Crypthecodinium cohnii reveal evolutionary relationships among apicomplexans, dinoflagellates, and ciliates. Mol Biochem Parasitol 45: 147-154.

Gallien, L. 1938. Sur le pre'sence dans le sang de Platyonychus latipes Penn., dunn Péridinien parasite Hematodinium perezi Chatton et Poisson. Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique 72: 1-7.

Gruebl T, Frischer ME, Sheppard M, Neumann M, Maurer AN, Lee RF (2002) Development of an 18S rRNA gene-targeted PCR based diagnostic for the blue crab parasite Hematodinium sp. Dis Aquat Org 49: 61-70.

Hallegraeff GM (1993) A review of harmful algal blooms and their apparent global increase. Phycologia 32: 79-93.

Hillis JP, Tully O (1993) Growth rate, mortality and small mean size in Irish Sea Nephrops. ICES Council Meeting Papers, Copenhagen, 13 pp.

Hudson D, Hudson N, Shields, JD (1993) Infection of Trapezia spp. (Decapoda: Xanthidae) by Hematodinium sp. (Duboscquodinida: Syndinidae): a new family record of infection.  J Fish Dis 16: 273-276.

Hudson DA (1995) Biochemical parameters of the serum of the sand crab, Portunus pelagicus, with reference to the parasitic dinoflagellate, Hematodinium australis. Bull Eur Assoc Fish Pathol 15: 202-205.

Hudson DA, Adlard RD (1994) PCR-techniques applied to Hematodinium spp and Hematodinium-like dinoflagellates in decapod crustaceans. Dis Aquat Org 20: 203-206.

Hudson DA, Adlard RD (1996) Nucleotide sequence determination of the partial SSU rDNA gene and ITS1 region of Hematodinium cf. perezi and Hematodinium-like dinoflagellates. Dis Aquat Org 24: 55-60.

Hudson DA, Shields JD (1994) Hematodinium australis n. sp., a parasitic dinoflagellate of the sand crab Portunus pelagicus from Moreton Bay, Australia. Dis Aquat Org 19: 109-119

Johnson PT (1976) Bacterial infection in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus: course of infection and histopathology. J Invertebr Pathol 28: 25-36.

Johnson PT (1980) Histology of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus: course of infection and histopathology. Praeger Publishers, New York. 440 pp.

Johnson PT (1983) Diseases caused by viruses, rickettsiae, bacteria, and fungi. Pages 1-78 in A.J. Provenzano (ed.). The Biology of Crustacea, Volume 6. Pathology. Academic Press, New York.

Johnson PT (1986) Parasites of benthic amphipods: dinoflagellates (Duboscquodinida: Syndinidae). Fish Bull 84: 605-614.

Latrouite D, Morizur Y, Noël P, Chagot D, Wilhelm G (1988) Mortalite du tourteau Cancer pagurus provoquee par le dinoflagellate parasite: Hematodinium sp. Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer, CM. 1988/K:32.

Lom, J. 1981. Fish invading dinoflagellates: A synopsis of existing and newly proposed genera. Folia Parasitol. 28: 3-11.

Love D, Thomas R, Moles A (1996) Bitter Crab hemolymph studies: indications of host physiological condition. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, AK-SG-96-02, 1996.

Love DC, Rice SD, Moles DA, Eaton WD (1993) Seasonal prevalence and intensity of Bitter Crab dinoflagellate infection and host mortality in Alaskan Tanner crabs Chionoecetes bairdi from Auke Bay, Alaska, USA. Dis Aquat Org 15: 1-7.

MacLean SA, Ruddell CL (1978) Three new crustacean hosts for the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium perezi (Dinoflagellata: Syndinidae). J Parasitol 64: 158-160.

Manier, J.-F., Fize, A., Grizel, H. 1971. Syndinium gammari n. sp. péridinien Dubosquodinida Syndinidae, parasite de Gammarus locusta (Lin.) Crustacè Amphipode. Protistologica 7: 213-219

Messick GA, Sindermann CJ (1992) Synopsis of principal diseases of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. NOAA NMFS Tech Memo NMFS-F/NEC-88, Washington, D.C. 24 pp.

Messick GA (1994) Hematodinium perezi infections in adult and juvenile blue crabs Callinectes sapidus from coastal bays of Maryland and Virginia, USA. Dis Aquat Org 19: 77-82.

Messick GA, Jordan SJ, Van Heukelem WF (1999) Salinity and temperature effects on Hematodinium sp. in the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. J Shell Res 18: 657-662

Messick GA, Shields JD (2000) Epizootiology of the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium sp. in the American blue crab Callinectes sapidus. Dis Aquat Org 43: 139-152

Meyers, T.R., Botelho, C., Koeneman, T.M., Short, S. & Imamura, K. (1990). Distribution of bitter crab dinoflagellate syndrome in southeast Alaskan tanner crabs, Chionoecetes bairdi. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 9, 37-43.

Meyers TR, Morado JF, Sparks AK, Bishop GH, Pearson T, Urban D, Jackson D (1996) Distribution of bitter crab syndrome in tanner crabs (Chionoecetes bairdi, C. opilio) from the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea. Dis Aquat Org 26:221-227.

Meyers TR, Koeneman TM, Bothelho C, Short S (1987) Bitter Crab Disease: a fatal dinoflagellate infection and marketing problem for Alaskan Tanner crabs Chionoecetes bairdii. Dis Aquat Org 3: 195-216.

Meyers TR, Lightner DV, Redman RM (1994) A dinoflagellate-like parasite in Alaskan spot shrimp Pandalus platyceros and pink shrimp P. borealis. Dis Aquat Org 18: 71-76

Morado, J.F., Jensen, P.C., Hauser, L., Califf, K., Roberson, N., Shavey C., Woodby, D., (2006) Species Identity And Life History Of Hematodinium, The Causative Agent Of Bitter Crab Syndrome In Northeast Pacific Snow, Chionoecetes opilio, And Tanner, C. bairdi, crabs. Project 0306, Final Report To North Pacific Research Board. http://doc.nprb.org/web/03_prjs/r0306_final.pdf

Newman MW (1970) A possible neoplastic blood disease of blue crabs, 648. In: Dutcher RM, Comparative Leukemia Research, Bibl. Haemat. #36, Karger. Basel.

Newman MW, Johnson CA (1975) A disease of blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) caused by a parasitic dinoflagellate, Hematodinium sp. J Parasitol 63: 554-557

Pestal GP, Taylor DM, Hoenig JM, Shields JD, Pickavance R (2003) Monitoring the presence of the lethal parasite Hematodinium sp. in snow crabs from Newfoundland. Dis Aquat Org 53: 67-75.

Reece KS, Burreson EM, Bower SM, Dungan CF (2000) Molecular analyses of a parasite in prawns (Pandalus platyceros) from British Columbia, Canada.  J Shellfish Res 19: 647

Ris H, Kublai DF (1974) An unusual mitotic mechanism in the parasitic protozoan Syndinium sp. J Cell Biol 60: 702-720

Sheppard M, Walker A. Frischer ME, Lee RF (2003) Histopathology and prevalence of the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium sp, in crabs (Callinectes sapidus, Callinectes similis, Neopanope sayi, Libinia emarginata, Menippe mercenaria) from a Georgia estuary. J Shellfish Res 22: 873-880

Shields JD (1992) Parasites and symbionts of the crab Portunus pelagicus from Moreton Bay, eastern Australia. J Crustac Biol 12: 94-100

Shields JD (2003) Research priorities for diseases of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. Bull Mar Sci 72: 505-517.

Shields JD (1994) The parasitic dinoflagellates of marine crustaceans. Ann Rev Fish Dis 4: 241-271.

Shields JD, Overstreet RM (2004). Parasites, symbionts, and diseases. In: The biology and management of the blue crab (V. Kennedy, ed.).  University of Maryland Sea Grant Press

Shields JD, Scanlon C, Volety A (2003) Aspects of the pathophysiology of blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, infected with the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium perezi. Bull Mar Sci 72: 519-535.

Shields JD, Squyars CM (2000) Mortality and hematology of blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, experimentally infected with the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium perezi. Fish Bull 98: 139-152

Shields JD, Taylor DM, Sutton SG, O’Keefe PO, Collins PW, Ings DW, Pardy AL (2005) Epizootiology of bitter crab disease (Hematodinium sp.) in snow crabs, Chionoecetes opilio, from Newfoundland, Canada. Dis Aquat Org 64: 253-264

Shields, J.D., D.M. Taylor , P.G. O’Keefe, E. Colbourne, and E, Hynick (in review) Epidemiological determinants in outbreaks of bitter crab disease (Hematodinium sp.) in snow crabs, Chionoecetes opilio from Newfoundland, Canada. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms.

Sloan NA (1984) Incidence and effects of parasitism by the rhizocephalan barnacle, Briarosaccus callosus Boschma, in the golden king crab, Lithodes aequispina Benedict, from deep fjords in northern British Columbia, Canada. J Exp Mar Biol 84:111-131

Small HJ (2004) Infections of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus (L.) by dinoflagellate and ciliate parasites. PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow, Scotland. 216p

Small HJ, Wilson S, Neil DM, Hagan P, Coombs GH (2002) Detection of the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus by ELISA. Dis Aquat Org 52: 175-177

Small, H.J., Neil, D.M., Taylor, A.C., Atkinson, R.J.A. and Coombs, G.H. (2006) Molecular detection of Hematodinium spp. in Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus and other crustaceans. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 69:185-195.

Small, H.J., J.D. Shields, D.M. Neil, A.C. Taylor & G.H. Coombs. (In review) Differences in enzyme activities between two species of Hematodinium, parasitic dinoflagellates of crustaceans. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.

Smith DD, Sechena R (1996) Arctic snow crab-related lung disease. Int J Circumpolar Health 57: 601-608

Stentiford GD, Chang ES, Chang SA, Neil DM (2001a) Carbohydrate dynamics and the crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone (CHH): effects of parasitic infection in Norway lobsters (Nephrops norvegicus). Gen Comp Endocrinol 121: 13-22

Stentiford GD, Evans MG, Bateman K, Feist SW (2003) Co-infection by a yeast-like organism in Hematodinium-infected European edible crabs Cancer pagurus and velvet swimming crabs Necora puber from the English Channel. Dis Aquat Org 54: 195-202

Stentiford GD, Green M, Bateman K, Small HJ, Neil DM, Feist SW (2002) Infection by a Hematodinium-like parasitic dinoflagellate causes Pink Crab Disease (PCD) in the edible crab Cancer pagurus. J Invertebr Pathol 79: 179-191

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Atkinson RJA (2001b) Alteration of burrow-related behaviour of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus during infection by the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium. Mar Freshw Behav Physiol 34: 139-156

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Atkinson RJA (2001c) The relationship of Hematodinium infection prevalence in a Scottish Nephrops norvegicus population to seasonality, moulting and sex. ICES J Mar Sci 58: 814-823

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Atkinson RJA, Bailey N (2000a) An analysis of swimming performance in the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus L. infected by a parasitic dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 247: 169-18

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Coombs GH (1999) Changes in the plasma free amino acid profile of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus at different stages of infection by a parasitic dinoflagellate (genus Hematodinium). Dis Aquat Org 38: 151-157

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Coombs GH (2000b) Alterations in the biochemistry and ultrastructure of the deep abdominal flexor muscle of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus L. during infection by a parasitic dinoflagellate of the genus Hematodinium. Dis Aquat Org 42: 133-141

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Coombs GH (2001d) Development and application of an immunoassay diagnostic technique for studying Hematodinium infections in Nephrops norvegicus populations. Dis Aquat Org 46: 223-229

Stentiford GD, Neil DM, Coombs GH (2001d) Development and application of an immunoassay diagnostic technique for studying Hematodinium infections in Nephrops norvegicus populations. Dis Aquat Org 46, 223-229

Stentiford GD, Evans M, Bateman K, Feist SW (2003) Co-infection by a yeast-like organism in Hematodinium-infected European edible crabs Cancer pagurus and velvet swimming crabs Necora puber from the English Channel. Dis Aquat Org 54: 195-202

Stentiford, G.D. and J.D. Shields. (2005) A review of the parasitic dinoflagellates Hematodinium species and Hematodinium-like infections in marine crustaceans. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 66: 47-70.

Tärnlund S (2000) A comparison of two methods for identifying and assessing the parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium sp. in Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus). MSc thesis, University of Götenborg, Sweden.

Taylor AC, Field RH, Parslow-Williams PJ (1996) The effects of Hematodinium sp.-infection on aspects of the respiratory physiology of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus (L.). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 207: 217-228

Taylor DM, Khan RA (1995) Observations on the occurrence of Hematodinium sp. (Dinoflagellata: Syndinidae): the causative agent of Bitter Crab Disease in the Newfoundland snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio). J Invertebr Pathol 65: 283-288

Trench RK (1987) Dinoflagellates in non-parasitic symbioses. In: Taylor FJR (ed). The Biology of Dinoflagellates. Blackwell. Oxford

Wilhelm G, Boulo V (1988) Infection de l’etrille Liocarcinus puber (L.) par un dinoflagellate parasite: Hematodinium sp. Con. Int. Expl. Mer, Ser. CM, K: 32(E): 1-10

Wilhelm G, Mialhe E (1996) Dinoflagellate infection associated with the decline of Necora puber crab populations in France. Dis Aquat Org 26: 213-219