Publications

Note: For links to articles and citation statistics, please see Dr. Kirwan's Google Scholar profile.
*denotes student, technician, or postdoc in our group

  • van Belzen, J., van de Koppel, J., Kirwan, M.L., van der Wal, D., Herman, P.M.J., Dakos, V., Kefi, S., Scheffer, M., Guntenspergen, G.R., and Bouma, T.J. Direct evidence for critical slowing down when approaching tipping points in tidal marshes. Nature Communications 8, 15811, 1-7, doi:10.1038/ncomms15811. 

  • Krauss, K., Cormier, N., Osland, M.J., Kirwan, M.L., Stagg, C.L., Nestlerode, J.A., Russell, M.J., From, A.S., Spivak, A.C., Dantin, D.D., Harvey, J.E., and Almario, A.E., 2017. Created mangrove wetlands store belowground carbon and surface elevation change enables them to adjust to sea-level rise. Scientific Reports 7, 1030, 1-11, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-01224-2.

  • Ganju, N.K., Defne, Z., Kirwan, M.L., Fagherazzi, S., D’Alpaos, A., Carniello, L. Spatially integrative metrics reveal hidden vulnerability of salt marshes. In press, Nature Communications. (featured on Daily press cover, Boston Globe)
  • *Deaton, C.D., Hein, C.J., and Kirwan, M.L. Barrier island migration dominates ecogeomorphic feedbacks and drives salt marsh loss along the Virginia Atlantic Coast, USA. In press, Geology. (featured on Daily Press cover, WINA and WVTF radio programs).
  • Schepers, L., Kirwan, M., Guntenspergen, G., and Temmerman, S. Spatio-temporal development of vegetation die-off in a submerging coastal marsh. Limnology and Oceanography, doi:10.1002/lno.10381.
  • Kirwan, M.L., *Walters, D.C., Reay, W., and Carr, J.A. 2016. Sea level driven marsh expansion in a coupled model of marsh erosion and migration. Geophysical Research Letters 43, 4366-4373 (featured on Climate Central, Daily Press cover, and Hakai Magazine, WHYY radio).
  • Kirwan, M.L., Temmerman, S., Skeehan, E., Guntenspergen, G., and Fagherazzi, S. Overestimation of marsh vulnerability to sea level rise. 2016. Nature Climate Change 6, 253-260. (featured on NCC cover, Climate Central, and Daily Press).
  • *Walters, D.C. and Kirwan, M.L. Optimal hurricane overwash thickness for maximizing marsh resilience to sea level rise. 2016. Ecology and Evolution, doi:10.1002/ece3.2024.
  • Ganju, N., Kirwan, M.L., Dickhudt, P., Guntenspergen, G., Cahoon, D., Kroeger, K., 2015. Towards sediment-based metrics of wetland stability. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 7992-8000.
  • Temmerman, S. and Kirwan, M.L., 2015. Building land with a rising sea. Science 349, 588-589. (articles in The Guardian, El Pais, and Le Soir newspapers, and appeared on Belgian national television)
  • Kirwan, M.L. and Guntenspergen, G.R., 2015. Response of Plant Productivity to Experimental Flooding in a Stable and a Submerging Marsh.Ecosystems18, 903-913. (referenced in The Baltimore Sun)
  • Kirwan, ML, Guntenspergen, GR, and Langley, JA, 2014. Temperature sensitivity of organic-matter decay in tidal marshes. Biogeosciences11, 4801-4808. 
  • Ganju, N.K., Nidzieko, N.J., and Kirwan, M.L. 2013. Inferring tidal wetland stability from channel sediment fluxes: observations and a conceptual model. Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surface 118, 2045-2058.
  • Kirwan, ML and Megonigal, JP, 2013. Tidal wetland stability in the face of human activity and sea level rise. Nature 504, 53-60.
  • Kirwan, ML, Langley, J.A., Guntenspergen, G.R., and Megonigal, J.P. 2013. The impact of sea-level rise on organic matter decay rates in Chesapeake Bay brackish tidal marshes. Biogeosciences 10, 1869-1876.
  • Kirwan, ML and Mudd, SM. 2012. Response of salt-marsh carbon accumulation to climate change. Nature 489, 550-553.
  • Kirwan, ML and Murray, AB. 2012. Rapid wetland expansion during European settlement and its implication for marsh survival under modern sediment delivery rates: REPLY. Geology, v. 40; p. e286.
  • Kirwan, ML and Guntenspergen, GR. 2012. Feedbacks between inundation, root production, and shoot growth in a rapidly submerging brackish marsh. Journal of Ecology, 100, 764-770.
  • Kirwan, ML, Christian, RR, Blum, LK, and Brinson, MM. 2012. On the relationship between sea level and Spartina alterniflora production. Ecosystems, 15, 140-147.
  • Fagherazzi, S, Kirwan, ML, Mudd, SM, Guntenspergen, GR, Temmerman, S, D’Alpaos, A, van de Koppel, J, Craft, C, Rybczyk, J, Reyes, E, Clough, J. 2012. Numerical models of salt marsh evolution: ecological, geomorphic, and climatic factors. Reviews of Geophysics, doi:10.1029/2011RG000359.
  • Mozdzer, TJ, Kirwan, M, McGlathery, KJ, and Zieman, JC, 2011. Nitrogen uptake by the shoots of smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora. Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 433, p. 43-52, doi:10.3354/meps09117.
  • Kirwan, ML and Blum, LK., 2011. Enhanced decomposition offsets enhanced productivity and soil carbon accumulation in coastal wetlands responding to climate change. Biogeosciences, v. 8, p. p. 987-993, doi:10.5194/bg-8-987-2011.
  • Kirwan, ML, Murray, AB, Donnelly, JP, and Corbett, DR, 2011. Rapid wetland expansion during European settlement and its implication for marsh survival under modern sediment delivery rates. Geology, v. 39; p. 507–510, doi:10.1130/G31789.1. (ScienceNOW feature; Earth Magazine; New Scientist Magazine)
  • Gedan, KB, Kirwan ML, Wolanski, E, Barbier, EB, and Silliman, BR, 2011. The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: Answering recent challenges to the paradigm. Climatic Change, v. 106, p. 7–29, doi:10.1007/s10584-010-0003-7.
  • Kirwan, ML, Guntenspergen, GR, D’Alpaos, A, Morris, JT, Mudd, SM, and Temmerman, S, 2010. Limits on the adaptability of coastal marshes to rising sea level. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L23401, doi:10.1029/2010GL045489. (EOS and Nature Climate Change Research Spotlight, cited by Faculty of 1000)
  • Kolker, AS, Kirwan, ML, Goodbred, SL, and Cochran, JK, 2010. Global climate changes recorded in coastal wetland sediments: empirical observation linked to theoretical predictions. Geophysical Research Letters v. 37, L14706, doi:10.1029/2010GL043874.
  • Kirwan, ML and Guntenspergen, GR, 2010. Modeling the influence of tidal range on the stability of coastal marshland. Journal of Geophysical Research- Earth Surface, 115, F02009, doi:10.1029/2009JF001400.
  • Kirwan, M and Temmerman, S, 2009. Coastal marsh response to historical and future sea level acceleration. Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 28, p. 1801-1808, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.02.022.
  • Kirwan, ML, Guntenspergen, GR, and Morris, JT, 2009. Latitudinal gradients in Spartina alterniflora productivity and the response of coastal marshes to global change. Global Change Biology, v. 15, p. 1982-1989, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01834.x (cover article)
  • Kirwan, ML and Guntenspergen, GR., 2009. Accelerated sea-level rise – a response to Craft et al.. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v. 7, p. 126-127. doi: 10.1890/09.WB.005
  • Murray, AB, Knaapen, MAF, Tal, M, and Kirwan, ML, 2008. Biomorphodynamics: Physical-biological feedbacks that shape landscapes. Water Resources Research, 44, W11301, doi:10.1029/2007WR006410.
  • Kirwan, ML and Murray, AB, 2008. Tidal marshes as disequilibrium landscapes? Lags between morphology and Holocene sea level change. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L24401 doi:10.1029/2008GL036050.
  • Kirwan, ML, Murray, AB, and Boyd, WS, 2008, Temporary vegetation disturbance as an explanation for permanent loss of tidal wetlands. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L05403, doi:10.1029/2007GL032681.
  • Kirwan, ML and Murray, AB, 2008. Ecological and morphological response of brackish tidal marshland to the next century of sea level rise: Westham Island, British Columbia, Global and Planetary Change, 60, 471-486.
  • Kirwan, ML and Murray, AB, 2007. A coupled geomorphic and ecological model of tidal marsh evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, v. 104, p. 6118-6122, doi:10.1073/pnas.0700958104. (cited by Faculty of 1000 as ‘Must Read’)
  • Hancock, G and Kirwan, M, 2007. Summit erosion rates deduced from 10Be: Implications for relief production in the Central Appalachians. Geology, v.35, pp. 89-92. (GSA Today, Geotimes research highlights)
  • Kirwan, ML, Kirwan JL, and Copenheaver CA. 2007. Dynamics of an estuarine forest and its response to rising sea level. Journal of Coastal Research, v.23, pp. 457-463.
  • Kirwan, JL, Williams, ME, and Kirwan, ML. 2005. Restoring the Chesapeake- a watershed education and restoration project for Virginia youth. Journal of Extension, 43, Article 6RIB7.