Bibliography


Buynevich, I.V., FitzGerald, D.M, and Goble, R.J., 2007. A 1500 yr record of North Atlantic storm activity based on optically dated relict beach scarps. Geology, 35 (6), 543-546.  

Carruthers, E.A., Lane, D.P., Evans, R.L., Donnelly, J.P., and Ashton, A.D. , 2013. Quantifying overwash flux in barrier systems: An example from Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. Marine Geology. 343, 15-28.

Chesapeake Bay Foundation, September 2007. Living Shorelines for the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Richmond, Virginia: Chesapeake Bay Foundation. Web.September 24, 2015, 10p.

Chincoteague and Wallups Island National Wildlife Refuge CCP/EIS, May 2014. N.p. Chapter 3:  Affected Environment.  Web.September 23, 2015.  p. 3-1 through 3-43.

Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge Beachfill:  Abbreviated Analysis and Cost Opinion for Maintaining the Existing Parking Areas and Recreational Beach (Appendix J), May 2014. N.p. Web.September 23, 2015.

Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland’s Vulnerability to Climate Change, Phase 1: Sea-level Rise and Coastal Storms, Chapter 5, July 2008. Report of the Maryland Commission on Climate Change Adaptation and Response Working Group. Web. September 28, 2015, 32p.

Dean, R.G., and Perlin, M., 1977. Coastal engineering study of Ocean City Inlet, Maryland. Proc. Coastal Sediments ’77, ASCE, Reston, Virginia, 520-540. Web. September 23, 2015.

Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, N.d. Assawoman Canal, Map 2: Potential Sea Level Rise Scenarios. Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Division of Parks and Recreation. 1 sheet. Web.September 16, 2015.

Dominguez, O.M., December 13, 2010. Record of Decision/Wallups Island Facility Record of Decision/Wallups Flight Facility Shoreline Restoration and Infrastructure Protection Program/Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. Wallups Island, Virginia: National Aeronautical and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Wallups Island Facility.

Donnelly, C., 2008. Coastal Overwash: Processes and Modelling. Lund, Sweden: Lund University, Doctoral thesis, 52p.

Eastern Shore Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee and Accomack-Northampton Planning District Commission, 2011. The Eastern Shore of Virginia 2011 Hazard Mitigation Plan. Accomack, Virginia: Accomack-Northampton Planning District Commission. Report funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency through the Virginia Department of Emergency Management via grant agreement # FMA2009-001-022, 278p.

Englehart, S.E., Horton, B.P., and Kemp, A.C., 2011. Holocene sea level Changes along the United States’ Atlantic coast. Oceanography Special Issue, 24(2), 70-79.

Fenster, M., and Dolan, R., Winter 1996. Assessing the impact of tidal inlets on adjacent barrier island shorelines. Journal of Coastal Research, 12(1), 294-310.

Field, M.E., June 1980. Sand bodies on coastal plain shelves: Holocene record of the U.S. Atlantic inner shelf off Maryland. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 50(2), 505-528.

Fisher, J.S., and Stauble, D.K., December 1977. Impact of Hurricane Belle on Assateague Island washover. Geology, 5(12), 765-768.

Fletcher III, C.H., Knebel, H.J., and Kraft, J.C. March 1990. Holocene evolution of an estuarine coast and tidal wetlands. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 102, 283-297.

Galano, F.A., 2009. Beach erosion adjacent to the stabilized microtidal inlets. Middle States Geographer, 42, 18-32.

Guo, J., December 8, 2014. The old man and the rising sea. The Washington Post.  Web.September 23, 2015.  

Hapke, C.J., Himmelstoss, E.A., Kratzmann, M., List, J.H., and Thieler, E.R., 2010, National assessment of shoreline change: Historical shoreline change along the New England and Mid-Atlantic coasts. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1118, 57p.

Hardaway Jr., C.S., and Byrne, R.J., 1999. Shoreline Management in Chesapeake Bay. Gloucester Point, Virginia: Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, 54p.

Hinds III, L.S., October 19, 2011.  CNWR Comprehensive Management Plan.  Town of Chincoteague, Office of the Mayor.  Web.September 4, 2015.

Hobbs III, C.H., Krantz, D.E., Wikel, G.L., N.d. Coastal processes and offshore geology. Submitted as a chapter for The geology of Virginia, edited by Chuck Bailey, College of William and Mary. Web.September 23, 2015, 44p.

Johnson, Z.P., October 2000. A sea level rise response strategy for the state of Maryland. Annapolis, Maryland: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Zone Management Division, 49p.

King Jr., D.B., Ward, D.L., Hudgins, M.H., and Williams, G.G., October 2011.  Storm Damage Reduction Project Design for Wallops Island, Virginia.   ERDC/CHL TR-11-9. Vicksburg, Mississippi: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory. Norfolk, Virginia: U.S. Army Engineer District, Norfolk.  

Kraft, J.C., August 1971. Sedimentary facies patterns and geologic history of a Holocene marine transgression. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 82, 2131-2158.

Kraft, J.C., John, C.J., and Maurmeyer, E.M., 1978. Chapter 7: Morphology of Coastal Barriers, Delaware, U.S.A.  Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Department of Geology. Found in Coastal Engineering Proceedings, No. 16, 232-1244. Web. October 1, 2015.

Krantz, D. E., 2010. A hydrogeomorphic map of Assateague Island National Seashore, Maryland and Virginia. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2010/215. Fort Collins, Colorado: National Park Service/Natural Resource Program Center, 63p.

Kraus, N.C., March 2002. Reservoir Model for Calculating Natural Sand Bypassing and Change in Volume of Ebb-Tidal Shoals, Part I: Description. Vicksburg, Mississippi: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal Hydraulics Laboratory. ERDC/CHL CHETN-IV-39, 14p.

Laczo, T.D., Gomez, M.L., and Blama, R.N., September 2013. Regional Sediment Management for Atlantic Coast of Maryland and Assateague Island Seashore (Assateague Island By-Pass Project).  U.S.  Army Corps of Engineers, ERDC/CHL CHETN-XIV-35, 10p.  

Leatherman, S.P., (February 1979). Migration of Assateague Island, Maryland, by inlet and overwash processes. Geology, v. 7, 104-107.

Leatherman, S.P., Zhang, K., and Douglas, B.C., February 8, 2000. Sea level rise shown to drive coastal erosion. Eos, 81(6), 55-57.

Lewis, D.A., Cooper, J.A.G., and Pilkey, O.H., October 2005. Fetch limited barrier islands of the Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay. Southeastern Geology, 44 (1), 1-17.

McBride, R.A., Fenster, M.S., and Seminack, C.T. 2015. Holocene Barrier Island Geology and Morphodynamics of the Maryland and Virginia Open-Ocean Coasts: Fenwick, Assateague, Chincoteague, Wallops, Cedar, and Parramore Islands. Field Guides, v. 40, p. 309-423.

McNeill, R., Nelson, D.J., and Wilson, D. , September 4, 2014.  The Rising Crisis of Sea Levels:  Water’s Edge. A Reuters Series. Web.September 23, 2015.  

Morang, A., Williams, G., and Swean, J., September 2006.   Beach Erosion Mitigation and Sediment Management Alternatives at Wallops Island, VA. Vicksburg, Mississippi: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory. Norfolk, Virginia: U.S. Army Engineer District, Norfolk.  ERDC/CHL TR-06-21, 97p.  

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, April 2013.  Draft Environmental Assessment:  Wallups Island Post-Hurricane Sandy Shoreline Repair. Wallups Island, Virginia: Goddard Space Flight Center, Wallups Flight Facility, 84p.

National Parks Conservation Association, August 2007. State of the Parks: Assateague Island National Seashore. Washington, D;C.: National Parks Conservation Association, Center for the State of the Parks, 36p.

The Nature Conservancy, May 2011. The Eastern Shore of Virginia: Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change. (Report from the Eastern Shore Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Workshop). Web.September 27, 2015, 58p.

Nieves, D.P., August 26, 2009. Application of the Sea-Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM 5.0.2) in the Lower Delmarva Peninsula: Northampton and Accomack Counties, VA; Somerset and Worcester Counties, MD. Arlington, Virginia: Conservation Biology Program, National Wildlife Refuge System, 43p.

Nikitina, D.L., Pizzuto, J.E., Schwimmer, R.A., and Ramsey, K.W., 2000. An updated Holocene sea level curve for the Delaware coast. Marine Geology, 171, 7-20.

Oertel, G.F., 1985. The barrier island system. In G.F. Oertel and S.P. Leatherman (Editors) Barrier Islands. Marine Geology, 63, 1-18.

Pendleton, E.A., Williams, J.S., and Thieler, E.R., 2004. Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Assateague Island National Seashore (ASIS) to Sea-Level Rise. Woods Hole, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1020, Electronic Book, 20p.

Rankin, R., November 2009. Dynamic Sustainability: Shoreline Management on Maryland’s Atlantic Coast. Alexandria, Virginia: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Institute for Water Resources, 174p.

Ritter, Jr., R.G., December 3, 2014. Letter of Support for a Proposed Feasibility Study of Coastal Resiliency within the Environs of the Town of Chincoteague. Web.September 3, 2015.

Rosati, J.D., March 2005. Concepts in sediment budgets. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(2), 307-322.

Rosati, J.D., Frey, A.E., Grezegorzewski, A.S., Maglio, C.K., Morang, A., and Thomas R.C., March 2015. Conceptual Regional Sediment Budget for USACE North Atlantic Division. Vicksburg, Mississippi:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Hydraulics Laboratory, ERDC/CHL SR-15-2, 54p.

Rosati, J.D., and  Stone, G.W., 2007. Critical Width of Barrier Islands and Implications for Engineering Design. New Orleans, Louisiana: American Society of Coastal Engineers Coastal Sediments ’07, 1-14. Web. September 29, 2015.

Rosati, J.D. and Stone, G.W., 2009. Geomorphologic evolution of barrier islands along the northern U.S. Gulf of Mexico and implications for engineering design in barrier restoration. Journal of Coastal Research, 25(1), 8–22.

Sallenger, A.H., 2000. Storm impact scale for barrier islands. Journal of Coastal Research, 16(3), 890-895.  

Sanford, W.E., Pope, J.P., and Nelms, D.L., 2009, Simulation of groundwater-level and salinity changes in the Eastern Shore, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009–5066, 125 p.

Schupp, C., September 2013.  Assateague Island National Seashore Geologic Resources Inventory Report.  U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2013/708. Denver, Colorado: National Park Service Geologic Resource Division, 74 p.

Sergent, E., Bond, T., Oakley, A. and Cornell, S., November 2012. Monitoring Sediment Transport and Grain Size Distribution along Wallops Island, Virginia, Pre and Post-Beach Replenishment.  Paper No. 12.  2012 GSA Annual Meeting and Exposition.  Geological Society of America, Inc.

Shideler, G.L., Swift, D.J.P., Johnson, G.H., and Holliday, B.W., 1972. Late quaternary stratigraphy of the inner Virginia continental shelf: A proposed standard section. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 83, 1787-1804.

Smith, C., April 2015.  Community Leader Workshop Summary Report:  Enhancing Coastal Resilience on Virginia’s Eastern Shore (November 12 and 13, 2014).  Accomack-Northampton Planning District Commission.

Steele, C.W., Pontzer, P.R., and Antonelli, J., July 2012. Distribution of inland silversides, Menidia beryllina (Cope), as a function of wave crest velocity around Pelian Island, Virginia, USA.   Thalassas: An International Journal of Marine Science 28(2), 57-63.

Stutz, M.L., and Pilkey, O.H., 2011. Open-ocean barrier islands: Global influence of climatic, oceanographic, and depositional settings. Journal of Coastal Research, 27(2), 207-222.

Tarr, J.H. September 9, 2011. Letter regarding Assateague Island National Seashore General Management Plan Alternative Concepts. Chincoteague, Virginia: Office of the Mayor.  Web.September 20, 2015.

  Titus, J.G., D.E. Hudgens, C.Hershner, J.M. Kassakian, P.R. Penumalli , M. Berman, and W.H. Nuckols, 2010. “Virginia”. In James G. Titus and Daniel Hudgens (editors). The Likelihood of Shore Protection along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Volume 1: Mid-Atlantic. Report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Washington, D.C., 691-888.

Toscano, M.A., and York, L.L., 1992. Quaternary stratigraphy and sea-level history of the U.S. Middle Atlantic Coastal Plain. Quarternary Science Reviews 11, 301-328.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, January 2013. NASA Wallops Island Post Hurricane Sandy Analysis Report. Norfolk, Virginia: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Norfolk District.

U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, August 2015.   Chincoteague and Wallups Island National Wildlife Refuges Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement Volume 2: Appendix A through O. Chincoteague, Virginia: Chincoteague and Wallups Island National Wildlife Refuges. Web.September 25, 2015, 433p.

 U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, August, 2015.   Chincoteague and Wallups Island National Wildlife Refuges Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement Volume 3.

USR Group, Inc., November 2009. Benthic Habitat Survey of Two Offshore Borrow Sites/Wallops Flight Facility Shoreline Restoration and Infrastructure Protection Program. (Appendix B to Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Wallops Island Flight Facility Shoreline Restoration Infrastructure Protection  Program.) Gaithersburg, Maryland. Prepared for NASA Goddard Flight Center, Wallops Island, Virginia, 30 p.  

 USR Group, Inc., October 2010. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement/Wallops Island Flight Facility Shoreline Restoration and Infrastructure Protection Program. Volume I of II. Prepared for the NASA Goddard Space Flight Facility, Wallups Island, Virginia. Gaithersburg, Maryland, 429p.

 Wells, D.V., Hennessee, E.L., and Hill, J.M., 2003. Shoreline Erosion as a Source of Sediments and Nutrients Middle Coastal Bays Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Resource Assessment Service, Maryland Geological Survey/Coastal and Estuarine Geology File Report No. 03-07, 163p.

 Wikar, C.P. (editor). September 2, 2010. Navigation and Dredging Planning Guide for Maryland’s Coastal Bays. Navigation and Dredging Advisory Group. Web.23 September 2015, 64p.

 Woodruff, J.D., Irish, J.L., and Camargo, S.J. December 2013. Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature, 504, 44-52.