Peer-Reviewed Publications

Electronic reprints available for all articles  [[cfried,on request]].

Cao, Z., M. Olabarrieta, G. Coco, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2017. Relative contributions of subtidal flow and tidal distortion to net sediment transport in moderate tidal range, funnel-shaped estuaries. Submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research.

Olabarrieta, M., W.R. Geyer, G. Coco, C.T. Friedrichs, and Z. Cao, 2017. Effects of density driven flows on the long-term morphodynamic evolution of funnel-shaped estuaries. Submitted to Journal of Geophysical Research.

Zhou, Z., L.Y. Chen, I. Townend, C. Friedrichs, and G. Coco, 2017. Revisiting the relationship between tidal asymmetry and tidal embaymnent morphology: a comparison between 1D and 2D tidal flow models. Submitted to Journal of Coastal Research

Rennie, S.E., A. Brandt, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2017. Initiation of motion and scour burial of objects underwater. Ocean Engineering, 131: 282-294. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2016.12.029

Colden, A.M., K.A. Fall, G.M. Cartwright, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2016. Suspension and deposition of sediment across subtidal oyster reefs: implications for restoration. Submitted to Estuaries and Coasts. http://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-016-0096-y

Friedrichs, C.T., S.E. Rennie, and A. Brandt, 2016. Self-burial of objects on sandy beds by scour: A synthesis of observations. In: J.M. Harris, R.J.S. Whitehouse, and S. Moxon (eds.), Scour and Erosion. CRC Press, p. 179-189. http://doi.org/10.1201/9781315375045-23

Irby, I.D., M.A.M. Friedrichs, C.T. Friedrichs, A.J. Bever, R.R. Hood, L.W.J. Lanerolle, M.E. Scully, K. Sellner, J. Shen, J. Testa, M. Li, H. Wang, P. Wang, L. Linker, and M. Xia, 2016. Challenges associated with modeling low-oxygen waters in Chesapeake Bay: a multiple model comparison. Biogeosciences, 13: 2011-2028. http://doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-2011-2016

Briggs, K.B., G.M. Cartwright, C.T. Friedrichs, and S. Shivarudruppa, 2015. Biogenic effects on cohesive sediment erodibility resulting from recurring seasonal hypoxia on the Louisiana shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 93: 17-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2014.11.005

Smith, S.J., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2015. Image processing methods for in situ estimation of cohesive sediment floc size, settling velocity and density. Limnology and Oceanography Methods,13: 250-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10022

Fall, K.A., C.K. Harris, C.T. Friedrichs, J.P. Rinehimer, and C.R. Sherwood, 2014. Model behavior and sensitivity in an application of the cohesive bed component of the Community Sediment Transport Modeling System for the York River Estuary, VA. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 2: 413-436. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jmse2020413

Xu, K., D.R. Corbett, J.P. Walsh, D. Young, K.B. Briggs, G.M. Cartwright, C.T. Friedrichs, C.K. Harris, R.C. Mickey, and S. Mitra, 2014. Seabed erodibility variations on the Louisiana Continental Shelf before and after the 2011 Mississippi River Flood. Accepted by Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 149: 283-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.09.002

Bever, A.J., M.A.M. Friedrichs, C.T. Friedrichs, M.E. Scully, and L.W. Lanerolle, 2013. Combining observations and numerical model results to improve estimates of hypoxic volume within the Chesapeake Bay, USA. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20331

Cartwright, G.M., C.T. Friedrichs, and S.J. Smith, 2013. A test of the ADV-based Reynolds-flux method for in situ estimation of sediment settling velocity in a muddy estuary. Geo-Marine Letters, 33: 477-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00367-013-0340-4

Luettich, R.A., L.D. Wright, R. Signell, C. Friedrichs, M. Friedrichs, J. Harding, K. Fennel, E. Howlett, S. Graves, E. Smith, G. Crane, and R. Baltes, 2013. The U.S. IOOS Super-regional Coastal Ocean Modeling Testbed: implementation and overview of findings. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JC008939

Van Maanen, B., G. Coco, K.R. Bryan, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2013. Modelling the morphodynamic response of tidal embayments to sea level rise. Ocean Dynamics, 63: 1249-1262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-013-0649-6

Dickhudt, P.J., C.T. Friedrichs, and L.P. Sanford, 2011. Mud matrix solids fraction and bed erodibility in the York River, USA, and other muddy environments. Continental Shelf Research, 31 (10S): S3-S13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.02.008

Friedrichs, C.T., 2011. Tidal flat morphodynamics: a synthesis. In: B.W. Flemming and J.D. Hansom (eds.), Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science: Sedimentology and Geology. Elsevier, pp. 137-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374711-2.00307-7

Smith, S.J., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2011. Size and settling velocities of cohesive flocs and suspended sediment aggregates in a trailing suction hopper dredge plume. Continental Shelf Research, 31 (10S): S50-S63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.002

Bearman, J.A., C.T. Friedrichs, B.E. Jaffe, and A.C. Foxgrover, 2010. Spatial trends in tidal flat shape and associated environmental parameters in South San Francisco Bay. Journal of Coastal Research, 26: 342-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.2112/08-1094.1

Friedrichs, C.T., 2010. Barotropic tides in channelized estuaries. In: A. Valle-Levinson (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Estuarine Physics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 27-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511676567.004

Ma, Y., C.T. Friedrichs, C.K. Harris, and L.D. Wright, 2010. Deposition by seasonal wave- and current-supported sediment gravity flows interacting with spatially varying bathymetry: Waiapu shelf, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 275: 199-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2010.06.001

Dickhudt, P.J., C.T. Friedrichs, L.C. Schaffner, and L.P. Sanford, 2009. Spatial and temporal variation in cohesive sediment erodibility in the York River estuary: a biologically-influenced equilibrium modified by seasonal deposition. Marine Geology, 267: 128-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2009.09.009

Friedrichs, C.T., 2009. York River physical oceanography and sediment transport. In: K.A. Moore and W.G. Reay (eds.), A Site Profile of the Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Virginia. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 57: 17-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.2112/1551-5036-57.sp1.17

Huijts, K.M.H., H.M. Schuttelaars, H.E. de Swart, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2009. Analytical study of the transverse distribution of along-channel and transverse residual flows in tidal estuaries. Continental Shelf Research, 29: 89-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2007.09.007

Friedrichs, C.T., G.M. Cartwright, and P.J. Dickhudt, 2008. Quantifying benthic exchange of fine sediment via continuous, noninvasive measurements of settling velocity and bed erodibility. Oceanography, 21(4): 168-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2008.14

Ma, Y., L.D. Wright, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2008. Observations of sediment transport on the continental shelf off the mouth of the Waiapu River, New Zealand: Evidence for current-supported gravity flows. Continental Shelf Research, 28: 516-532. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2007.11.001

Vandever, J.P., E.M. Siegel, J.M. Brubaker, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2008. Influence of spectral width on wave height parameter estimation in coastal environments. ASCE Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, 134: 187-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-950X(2008)134:3(187)

Deegan, J.L. Bowen, D. Drake, J.W. Fleeger, C.T. Friedrichs, K.A. Galvan, J.E. Hobbie, C. Hopkinson, J.M. Johnson, D.S. Johnson, L.E. LeMay, E. Miller, B.J. Peterson, C. Picard, S. Sheldon, J. Vallino, and R.S. Warren, 2007. Susceptibility of salt marshes to nutrient enrichment and predator removal. Ecological Applications, 17: S42-S63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/06-0452.1

Friedrichs, C.T., and M.E. Scully, 2007. Modeling deposition by wave-supported gravity flows on the Po River prodelta: from seasonal floods to prograding clinoforms. Continental Shelf Research, 27: 322-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2006.11.002

Fugate, D.C., C.T. Friedrichs and L.P. Sanford, 2007. Lateral dynamics and associated transport of sediment in the upper reaches of a partially mixed estuary, Chesapeake Bay, USA. Continental Shelf Research, 27: 679-698. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2006.11.012

Hill, P.S., J.M. Fox, J.S. Crockett, K.J. Curran, C.T. Friedrichs, W.R. Geyer, T.G. Milligan, A.S. Ogston, P. Puig, M.E. Scully, P.A. Traykovski and R.A. Wheatcroft, 2007. Sediment delivery to the seabed on continental margins. In: C.A. Nitrouer, J.A. Austin, M.E. Field, J.H. Kravitz, J.P.M. Syvitski, and P.L. Wiberg (eds.) Continental-Margin Sedimentation: From Sediment Transport to Sequence Stratigraphy, IAP Special Publication 37, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp. 49-100. http://dx.doi.org//10.1002/9781444304398.ch2

McAnally, W.H., C. Friedrichs, D. Hamilton, E. Hayter, P. Shrestha, H. Rodriguez, A. Sheremet, and A. Teeter, 2007. Management of fluid mud in estuaries, bays and lakes, Part I: Present state of understanding on character and behavior. ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 133: 9-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2007)133:1(9)

McAnally, W.H., A. Teeter, D. Schoellhamer, C. Friedrichs, D. Hamilton, E. Hayter, P. Shrestha, H. Rodriguez, A. Sheremet, and R. Kirby, 2007. Management of fluid mud in estuaries, bays and lakes, II: Measurement, modeling and management. ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineeringm 133: 23-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2007)133:1(23)

Parsons, J.D., C.T. Friedrichs, P.A. Traykovski, D. Mohrig, J. Imran, J.P.M. Syvitski, G. Parker, P. Puig, J.L. Buttles, and M.H. Garcia, 2007. The mechanics of sediment gravity flows. In: C.A. Nitrouer, J.A. Austin, M.E. Field, J.H. Kravitz, J.P.M. Syvitski, and P.L. Wiberg (eds.) Continental-Margin Sedimentation: From Sediment Transport to Sequence Stratigraphy, IAP Special Publication 37, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp. 275-338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444304398.ch6

Pratson, L.F., C.A. Nittrouer, P.L. Wiberg, M.S. Steckler, J.B. Swenson, D.A. Cacchione, J.A. Karson, A.B. Murray, M.A. Wolinsky, T.P. Gerber, B.L. Mullenbach, G.A. Spinelli, C.S. Fulthorpe, D.B. O'Grady, G. Parker, N.W. Driscoll, R.L. Burger, C. Paola, D.L. Orange, M.E. Field, C.T. Friedrichs, and J.J. Fildelez, 2007. Seascape evolution on clastic continental shelves and slopes. In: C.A. Nitrouer, J.A. Austin, M.E. Field, J.H. Kravitz, J.P.M. Syvitski, and P.L. Wiberg (eds.) Continental-Margin Sedimentation: From Sediment Transport to Sequence Stratigraphy, IAP Special Publication 37, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp. 339-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444304398.ch7

Scully, M.E., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2007. Sediment pumping by tidal asymmetry in a partially-mixed estuary. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 112, C07028. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006JC003784

Scully, M.E., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2007. The importance of tidal and lateral asymmetries in stratification to residual circulation in partially-mixed estuaries. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37: 1496-1511. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO3071.1

Trembanis, A.C., C.T. Friedrichs, M.D. Richardson, P. Traykovski, P.A. Howd, P.A. Elmore, and T. Wever, 2007. Predicting seabed burial of cylinders by wave-induced scour: application to the sandy inner shelf off Florida and Massachusetts. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 32: 167-183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JOE.2007.890958

Wolfson, M.L., D.F. Naar, P.A. Howd, S.D. Locker, B.T. Donahue, C.T. Friedrichs, A.C. Trembanis, M.D. Richardson, and T.F. Wever, 2007. Multibeam observations of mine burial near Clearwater, Florida, including comparisons to predictions of wave-induced burial. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 32: 103-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JOE.2006.889317

Fugate, D.C., C.T. Friedrichs, and A. Bilgili, 2006. Estimation of residence time in a shallow back barrier lagoon, Hog Island Bay, Virginia, USA. In: M.L. Spaulding (ed.) Estuarine and Coastal Modeling 2005, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, VA, pp. 319-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40876(209)19

Mied, R.P., T.F. Donato, and C.T. Friedrichs, 2006. Eddy generation in the tidal Potomac river. Estuaries and Coasts, 29: 1067-1080. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02781810

Wright, L.D., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2006. Gravity driven sediment transport on continental shelves: a status report. Continental Shelf Research, 26: 2092-2107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2006.07.008

Brasseur, L.H., A.C. Trembanis, J.M. Brubaker, C.T. Friedrichs, T. Nelson, L.D. Wright, and L.W. Haas, 2005. Physical response of York River estuary to Hurricane Isabel. In: K.G. Sellner (ed.) Hurricane Isabel in Perspective, Chesapeake Research Consortium, CRC Publication 05-160, Edgewater, MD, pp. 55-64. http://www.chesapeake.org/pubs/Isabel/Brasseur%20et%20al.pdf

Sanford, L.P., P.J. Dickhudt, L. Rubaiano-Gomez, M. Yates, S.E. Suttles, C.T. Friedrichs, D.C. Fugate and H. Romine, 2005. Variability of suspended particle concentrations, sizes and settling velocities in the Chesapeake Bay turbidity maximum. In: I.G. Droppo, G.G. Leppard, P. Liss, and T. Milligan (eds.) Flocculation in Natural and Engineered Environmental Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, p. 211-236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9780203485330.ch10

Scully, M.E., C.T. Friedrichs, and J.M. Brubaker, 2005. Control of estuarine stratification and mixing by wind-induced straining of the estuarine density field. Estuaries, 28: 321-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02693915

Souza, A., and C. Friedrichs, 2005. Near-bottom boundary layers. In: H. Baumert, J. Simpson, and J. Sündermann (eds.), Marine Turbulence: Theories, Observations and Models. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p. 283-296. http://www.worldcat.org/isbn/9780521153720

Friedrichs, C.T., and L.D. Wright, 2004. Gravity-driven sediment transport on the continental shelf: implications for equilibrium profiles near river mouths. Coastal Engineering, 51: 795-811. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2004.07.010

Lee, G., W.B. Dade, C.T. Friedrichs, and C.E. Vincent, 2004. Examination of reference concentration under waves and currents on the inner shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 109 (C2): 21-1 - 21-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001707

Pratson, L., J. Swenson, A. Kettner, J. Fedele, G. Postma, A. Niedoroda, C. Friedrichs, J. Syvitski, C. Paola, M. Steckler, E. Hutton, C. Reed, M. Van Dijk, and H. Das, 2004. Modeling continental shelf formation in the Adriatic Sea and elsewhere. Oceanography, 17(4): 118-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2004.09

Trembanis, A.C., L.D. Wright, C.T. Friedrichs, M.O. Green, and T. Hume, 2004. The effects of spatially complex inner shelf roughness on boundary layer turbulence and current and wave friction: Tairua Embayment, New Zealand. Continental Shelf Research, 24: 1549-1571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2004.04.006

Fugate, D.C., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2003. Controls on suspended aggregate size in partially mixed estuaries. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 58: 389-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7714(03)00107-0

Lee, G., W.B. Dade, C.T. Friedrichs, and C.E. Vincent, 2003. Spectral estimates of bed shear stress using suspended sediment concentrations in a wave-current boundary layer. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 108 (C7): 1-1 - 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JC001279

Scully, M.E., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2003. The influence of asymmetries in overlying stratification on near-bed turbulence and sediment suspension in a partially mixed estuary. Ocean Dynamics, 53: 208-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-003-0034-y

Scully, M.E., C.T. Friedrichs, and L.D. Wright, 2003. Numerical modeling of gravity-driven sediment transport and deposition on an energetic continental shelf: Eel River, Northern California. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 108 (C4): 17-1 - 17-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001467

Yang, S.L., C.T. Friedrichs, Z. Shi, P.X. Ding, J. Zhu, and Q.Y. Zhao, 2003. Morphological response of tidal marshes, flats and channels of the outer Yangtze River mouth to a major storm. Estuaries, 26: 1416-1425. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02803650

Friedrichs, C.T., and A. Valle-Levinson, editors, 2002. Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas II, Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 22, Nos. 18-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00116-4

Fugate, D.C., and C.T. Friedrichs, 2002. Determining concentration and fall velocity of estuarine particle populations using ADV, OBS and LISST. Continental Shelf Research, 22: 1867-1886. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00043-2

Lee, G., C.T. Friedrichs, and C.E. Vincent, 2002. Examination of diffusion versus advection dominated sediment suspension on the inner shelf under storm and swell conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 107 (C7): 21-1 - 21-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JC000918

Scully, M.E., C.T. Friedrichs, and L.D. Wright, 2002. Application of an analytical model of critically stratified gravity-driven sediment transport and deposition to observations from the Eel River continental shelf, northern California. Continental Shelf Research, 22: 1951-1974. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00047-X

Valle-Levinson, A., and C.T. Friedrichs, editors, 2002. Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, Continental Shelf Research Special Issue, Vol. 22, Nos. 11-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00028-6

Wright, L.D., C.T. Friedrichs, and M.E. Scully, 2002. Pulsational gravity-driven sediment transport on two energetic shelves. Continental Shelf Research, 22: 2443-2460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(02)00133-4

Friedrichs, C.T., and J.E. Perry, 2001. Tidal salt marsh morphodynamics: A synthesis. Journal of Coastal Research, Spec. Iss. 27: 3-37. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25736162

Perry, J.E., T.A. Barnard, J.G. Bradshaw, C.T. Friedrichs, K.J. Havens, P.A. Mason, W.I. Priest, and G.M. Silberhorn, 2001. Creating tidal salt marshes in the Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Coastal Research, Spec. Iss. 27:170-191. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25736172

Schaffner, L.C., E.K. Hinchey, T.M. Dellapenna, C.T. Friedrichs, M. Thompson Neubauer, M.E. Smith and S.A. Kuehl, 2001. Physical energy regimes, sea-bed dynamics and organism-sediment interactions along an estuarine gradient. In: J.Y. Aller, S.A. Woodin and R.C. Aller (eds.), Organism-Sediment Interactions, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC, p. 159-179. http://www.worldcat.org/isbn/1570034311

Wright, L.D., C.T. Friedrichs, S.C. Kim, and M.E. Scully, 2001. Effects of ambient currents and waves on gravity-driven sediment transport on continental shelves. Marine Geology, 175: 25-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00140-2

Friedrichs, C.T., L.D. Wright, D.A. Hepworth, and S.C. Kim, 2000. Bottom boundary layer processes associated with fine sediment accumulation in coastal seas and bays. Continental Shelf Research, 20: 807-841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(00)00003-0

Kim, S.C., C.T. Friedrichs, J.P.-Y. Maa, and L.D. Wright, 2000. Estimating bottom stress in tidal boundary layer from acoustic Doppler velocimeter data. ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 126: 399-406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2000)126:6(399)

Wright, L.D., S.-C. Kim, and C.T. Friedrichs, 1999. Across-shelf variations in bed roughness, bed stress and sediment suspension on the northern California shelf. Marine Geology, 154: 99-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(98)00106-6

Friedrichs, C.T., B.A. Armbrust, and H.E. de Swart, 1998. Hydrodynamics and equilibrium sediment dynamics of shallow, funnel-shaped tidal estuaries. In: J. Dronkers and M. Scheffers (eds.), Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, Balkema Press, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, p. 315-328. http://www.worldcat.org/isbn/9054109653

Ip, J.T.C., D.R. Lynch, and C.T. Friedrichs, 1998. Simulation of estuarine flooding and dewatering with application to Great Bay, New Hampshire. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 47: 119-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ecss.1998.0352

Jackson, D.R., K.L. Williams, T.F. Wever, C.T. Friedrichs, and L.D. Wright, 1998. Sonar evidence for methane ebullition in Eckernförde Bay. Continental Shelf Research, 18: 1893-1915. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(98)00062-4

Nittrouer, C.A., G.R. Lopez, L.D. Wright, S.J. Bentley, A.F. D'Andrea, and C.T. Friedrichs, 1998. Oceanographic processes and the preservation of sedimentary structure in Eckernförde Bay, Baltic Sea. Continental Shelf Research,18: 1689-1714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(98)00054-5

Friedrichs, C.T., and L.D. Wright, 1997. Sensitivity of bottom stress and bottom roughness estimates to density stratification, Eckernförde Bay, Southern Baltic Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 102: 5721-5732. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/96JC03550

Wright, L.D., C.T. Friedrichs, and D.A. Hepworth, 1997. Effects of benthic biology on bottom boundary layer processes, Dry Tortugas Bank, Florida Keys. Geo-Marine Letters, 17: 291-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003670050040

Aubrey, D.G., and C.T. Friedrichs, editors, 1996. Buoyancy Effects on Coastal Dynamics. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 359 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE053p0001

Friedrichs, C.T. and D.G. Aubrey, 1996. Uniform bottom shear stress and equilibrium hypsometry of intertidal flats. In: C. Pattiaratchi (ed.), Mixing Processes in Estuaries and Coastal Seas. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., p. 405-429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE050p0405

Friedrichs, C.T., and J.H. Hamrick, 1996. Effects of channel geometry on cross sectional variation in along channel velocity in partially stratified estuaries. In: D.G. Aubrey and C.T. Friedrichs (eds.), Buoyancy Effects on Coastal and Estuarine Dynamics, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., p. 283-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE053p0283

Friedrichs, C.T., 1995. Stability shear stress and equilibrium cross-sectional geometry of sheltered tidal channels. Journal of Coastal Research, 11: 1062-1074. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4298411

Friedrichs, C.T. and L.D. Wright, 1995. Resonant internal waves and their role in transport and accumulation of fine sediment in Eckernförde Bay, Baltic Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 15: 1697-1721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0278-4343(95)00035-Y

Friedrichs, C.T. and D.G. Aubrey, 1994. Tidal propagation in strongly convergent channels. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 99: 3321-3336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/93JC03219

Friedrichs, C.T., D.G. Aubrey, G.S. Giese, and P.E. Speer, 1993. Hydrodynamic modeling of a multiple-inlet estuary/barrier system: Insight into tidal inlet formation and stability. In: D.G. Aubrey and G.S. Giese (eds.), Formation and Evolution of Multiple Inlet Systems. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., p. 95-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE044p0095

Friedrichs, C.T., and O.S. Madsen, 1992. Nonlinear diffusion of the tidal signal in frictionally-dominated embayments. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 97: 5637-5650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/92JC00354

Friedrichs, C.T., D.R. Lynch, and D.G. Aubrey, 1992. Velocity asymmetries in frictionally-dominated tidal embayments: Longitudinal and lateral variability. In: D. Prandle (ed.), Dynamics and Exchanges in Estuaries and the Coastal Zone. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., p. 277-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE040p0277

Speer, P.E., D.G. Aubrey, and C.T. Friedrichs, 1991. Nonlinear hydrodynamics of shallow tidal inlet/bay systems. In: B.B. Parker (ed.), Tidal Hydrodynamics. Wiley, New York, p. 321-340. http://www.worldcat.org/isbn/9780471514985

Friedrichs, C.T., D.G. Aubrey, and P.E. Speer, 1990. Impact of relative sea-level rise on evolution of shallow estuaries. In: R.T. Cheng (ed.), Residual Currents and Long-Term Transport. Springer-Verlag, New York, p. 105-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/CE038p0105

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