Troy W.  Hartley

Research Professor; Director, Virginia Sea Grant Program

Email: [[thartley]]
Phone: (804) 684-7248
Interests: Integrated, adaptive management, regional governance, and collaborative research.
Office: Maury Hall 205, 207
Department: Virginia Sea Grant Program

  • B.S. Zoology, University of Vermont
  • M.A.I.S., Environmental Dispute Resolution, George Mason University
  • Ph.D. Natural Resource & Environmental Policy, University of Michigan
Program, Teaching, and Research Interests

My current interests are in governance networks, their structure and function, and the application of governance networks in coastal and marine resource management, climate adaptation and resilience, and collaborative, multi-stakeholder decision-making. I study, teach, and develop integrated, adaptive, collaborative governance structures (e.g., for climate adaptation and resilience, ecosystem-based fisheries management, regional governance and coordination). Further, I am interested in the broader applications of social science to improve governance, management and policy, stakeholder engagement, and collaborative research. I employ theoretical and analytical frameworks from public policy, political science, and communication science.

Virginia Sea Grant

I also serve as Director of Virginia Sea Grant (VASG). VASG research, educational, and outreach activities promoting sustainability and resilience of coastal and marine resources and the communities that depend upon them. We are part of a larger national network of Sea Grant programs housed in 33 colleges and universities around the country. That network — the National Sea Grant College Program — began in 1966 through a Congressional Act and is part of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Virginia Sea Grant is a six-university partnership, headquartered at VIMS with William & Mary, and composed of George Mason University, Old Dominion University, University of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, and Virginia Tech. We advance our mission through a integrated organizational network that promotes coordination and collaboration across institutional, disciplinary, and functional boundaries among staff and partners. Our strengths are in fisheries and aquaculture, coastal community resilience, literacy, seafood safety, and sustainable community development. We tackle challenging coastal and marine resource problems in Virginia, the region, nation and internationally by employing cutting-edge natural, social and economic sciences, as well as legal and policy analysis.

Current Projects

· Mid-Atlantic Coastal Storms Program. Funded by NOAA.

· Evaluating Social-Ecological Vulnerability and Climate Adaptation Strategies for Northeast U.S. Fishing Communities. Funded by NOAA Climate Program Office, Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications (COCA).

· Integrating Stakeholder Objectives with Natural Systems Models to Promote Sustainable Natural Resource Policy. Funded by the National Science Foundation, Coastal SEES.

· NSF Coastal SEES: Chesapeake Bay Sustainability: Implications of changing climate and shifting management objectives.

Selected Publications

· Stiles, William, Molly Mitchell, and Troy Hartley. 2013. The Policy Climate for Climate Change in Virginia: Overview of Adaptation Policy, Planning and Implementation Landscape. Sea Grant Law and Policy Journal. 5(2):15—28.

· Hartley, Troy W. (Forthcoming) In the Eye of the Beholder: Scientific Uncertainty and Information Flow in Coastal and Marine Governance Networks. In B.H. MacDonald (ed) Does Information Matter? A critical question for the future of coastal zone management. Taylor & Francis

· Hartley, Troy W. September 2010. Fishery Management as a governance network: Examples from the Gulf of Maine and the potential for communication network analysis research in fisheries. Marine Policy. 34(5):1060-1067.

· Hartley, Troy W., and Christopher Glass. Advanced Access Published March 23, 2010. In Press. Science-to-management pathways in US Atlantic herring management: using governance network structure and function to track information flow and potential influence. ICES Journal of Marine Science.

· Hartley, Troy W. and Robert A. Robertson. January 2009. Stakeholder Collaboration in Fisheries Research: Integrating Knowledge Among Fishing Leaders and Science Partners in Northern New England. Society and Natural Resources. 22(1):1-14.

· Hartley, Troy W. and Robert A. Robertson. November 2008. Cooperative Research Program Goals in New England: Perceptions of Active Commercial Fishermen. Fisheries. 33(11).

· Hartley, Troy W., Michele Gagne, and Robert A. Robertson. 2008. Cases of Collaboration in New England Communities: An Approach to Manage Change. Human Ecology Review. 15(2):213-225.

· Hartley, Troy W. and Robert A. Robertson. 2006. Stakeholder Engagement, Cooperative Fisheries Research, and Democratic Science: The Case of the Northeast Consortium. Human Ecology Review 13(2):161-171.

· Read, Alesia N. and Troy W. Hartley (eds). 2006. Partnerships for a Common Purpose: Cooperative Fisheries Research and Management. Symposium 52. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society.

· Hartley, Troy W. and Robert A. Robertson. 2006. Emergence of Multi-Stakeholder Driven Cooperative Research in the Northwest Atlantic: The Case of the Northeast Consortium. Marine Policy 30(5):580-592.

· Hartley, Troy W. February 2006. Public Perception and Participation in Water Reuse. Desalination 187(1-3):115-126.

· Hartley, Troy W. 2002. Environmental Justice: An Environmental, Civil Rights Value Acceptable to All World Views. In Environmental Ethics: An Anthology. Edited by Andrew Light and Holmes Rolston III. 478 – 486. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishing.


· Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Education Task Team.

· UN World Ocean Assessment. Pool of Experts.

· Hampton Roads Climate Adaptation Forum, Planning & Advisory Board

· National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Committee on Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fish Stock Rebuilding Plans. Panel Member

· OAR-NMFS Ecosystem Modeling Uncertainty Workshop Steering Committee.

· Social and Environmental Research Institute. Research project Advisory Board: Promoting climate change awareness and adaptive planning in Atlantic fisheries communities.

· Commonwealth of Virginia Coastal Policy Team


Taylor Goelz. Joint Masters Public Policy and Masters of Science student.

Michel (Tony) Nalovic. M.S. student. Thesis: Now employed with CRPMEM Guyane, the French Guiana Regional Fisheries Committee

Alesia Read, Ph.D. student. Dissertation topic: organizational behavior of non-governmental conservation organizations in fisheries management. Now employed with NOAA, NMFS Office of Communication